2021 Security Vulnerability Report
CVE Statistics for 2021
The average severity is 7.1 out of 10, which was about the same as in 2020.
Products & Vendors with the most security vulnerabilities published in 2021 Vulnerabilities may exist in multiple products or vendors
455 vulnerabilities in 2021
310 vulnerabilities in 2021
282 vulnerabilities in 2021
220 vulnerabilities in 2021
212 vulnerabilities in 2021
196 vulnerabilities in 2021
186 vulnerabilities in 2021
184 vulnerabilities in 2021
164 vulnerabilities in 2021
113 vulnerabilities in 2021
112 vulnerabilities in 2021
111 vulnerabilities in 2021
110 vulnerabilities in 2021
89 vulnerabilities in 2021
664 vulnerabilities in 2021
617 vulnerabilities in 2021
468 vulnerabilities in 2021
455 vulnerabilities in 2021
401 vulnerabilities in 2021
377 vulnerabilities in 2021
282 vulnerabilities in 2021
236 vulnerabilities in 2021
233 vulnerabilities in 2021
156 vulnerabilities in 2021
142 vulnerabilities in 2021
131 vulnerabilities in 2021
124 vulnerabilities in 2021
115 vulnerabilities in 2021
109 vulnerabilities in 2021
102 vulnerabilities in 2021
93 vulnerabilities in 2021
92 vulnerabilities in 2021
77 vulnerabilities in 2021
75 vulnerabilities in 2021
XSSThe software does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes user-controllable input before it is placed in output that is used as a web page that is served to other users.
Memory CorruptionThe software writes data past the end, or before the beginning, of the intended buffer. Typically, this can result in corruption of data, a crash, or code execution. The software may modify an index or perform pointer arithmetic that references a memory location that is outside of the boundaries of the buffer. A subsequent write operation then produces undefined or unexpected results.
Improper Privilege ManagementThe software does not properly assign, modify, track, or check privileges for an actor, creating an unintended sphere of control for that actor.
SQL InjectionThe software constructs all or part of an SQL command using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended SQL command when it is sent to a downstream component.
Out-of-bounds ReadThe software reads data past the end, or before the beginning, of the intended buffer. Typically, this can allow attackers to read sensitive information from other memory locations or cause a crash. A crash can occur when the code reads a variable amount of data and assumes that a sentinel exists to stop the read operation, such as a NUL in a string. The expected sentinel might not be located in the out-of-bounds memory, causing excessive data to be read, leading to a segmentation fault or a buffer overflow. The software may modify an index or perform pointer arithmetic that references a memory location that is outside of the boundaries of the buffer. A subsequent read operation then produces undefined or unexpected results.
Improper Input ValidationThe product receives input or data, but it does not validate or incorrectly validates that the input has the properties that are required to process the data safely and correctly.
AuthZThe software performs an authorization check when an actor attempts to access a resource or perform an action, but it does not correctly perform the check. This allows attackers to bypass intended access restrictions.
Information DisclosureThe product exposes sensitive information to an actor that is not explicitly authorized to have access to that information.
Dangling pointerReferencing memory after it has been freed can cause a program to crash, use unexpected values, or execute code.
Directory traversalThe software uses external input to construct a pathname that is intended to identify a file or directory that is located underneath a restricted parent directory, but the software does not properly neutralize special elements within the pathname that can cause the pathname to resolve to a location that is outside of the restricted directory.
Classic Buffer OverflowThe program copies an input buffer to an output buffer without verifying that the size of the input buffer is less than the size of the output buffer, leading to a buffer overflow. A buffer overflow condition exists when a program attempts to put more data in a buffer than it can hold, or when a program attempts to put data in a memory area outside of the boundaries of a buffer. The simplest type of error, and the most common cause of buffer overflows, is the "classic" case in which the program copies the buffer without restricting how much is copied. Other variants exist, but the existence of a classic overflow strongly suggests that the programmer is not considering even the most basic of security protections.
Buffer OverflowThe software performs operations on a memory buffer, but it can read from or write to a memory location that is outside of the intended boundary of the buffer.
Command InjectionThe software constructs all or part of a command using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended command when it is sent to a downstream component.
Session RidingThe web application does not, or can not, sufficiently verify whether a well-formed, valid, consistent request was intentionally provided by the user who submitted the request. When a web server is designed to receive a request from a client without any mechanism for verifying that it was intentionally sent, then it might be possible for an attacker to trick a client into making an unintentional request to the web server which will be treated as an authentic request. This can be done via a URL, image load, XMLHttpRequest, etc. and can result in exposure of data or unintended code execution.
Resource ExhaustionThe software does not properly control the allocation and maintenance of a limited resource, thereby enabling an actor to influence the amount of resources consumed, eventually leading to the exhaustion of available resources.
authentificationWhen an actor claims to have a given identity, the software does not prove or insufficiently proves that the claim is correct.
Shell injectionThe software constructs all or part of an OS command using externally-influenced input from an upstream component, but it does not neutralize or incorrectly neutralizes special elements that could modify the intended OS command when it is sent to a downstream component.
NULL Pointer DereferenceA NULL pointer dereference occurs when the application dereferences a pointer that it expects to be valid, but is NULL, typically causing a crash or exit. NULL pointer dereference issues can occur through a number of flaws, including race conditions, and simple programming omissions.
Unrestricted File UploadThe software allows the attacker to upload or transfer files of dangerous types that can be automatically processed within the product's environment.
Integer Overflow or WraparoundThe software performs a calculation that can produce an integer overflow or wraparound, when the logic assumes that the resulting value will always be larger than the original value. This can introduce other weaknesses when the calculation is used for resource management or execution control. An integer overflow or wraparound occurs when an integer value is incremented to a value that is too large to store in the associated representation. When this occurs, the value may wrap to become a very small or negative number. While this may be intended behavior in circumstances that rely on wrapping, it can have security consequences if the wrap is unexpected. This is especially the case if the integer overflow can be triggered using user-supplied inputs. This becomes security-critical when the result is used to control looping, make a security decision, or determine the offset or size in behaviors such as memory allocation, copying, concatenation, etc.
Marshaling, UnmarshalingThe application deserializes untrusted data without sufficiently verifying that the resulting data will be valid.
Use of Hard-coded CredentialsThe software contains hard-coded credentials, such as a password or cryptographic key, which it uses for its own inbound authentication, outbound communication to external components, or encryption of internal data.
XSPAThe web server receives a URL or similar request from an upstream component and retrieves the contents of this URL, but it does not sufficiently ensure that the request is being sent to the expected destination. By providing URLs to unexpected hosts or ports, attackers can make it appear that the server is sending the request, possibly bypassing access controls such as firewalls that prevent the attackers from accessing the URLs directly. The server can be used as a proxy to conduct port scanning of hosts in internal networks, use other URLs such as that can access documents on the system (using file://), or use other protocols such as gopher:// or tftp://, which may provide greater control over the contents of requests.
Incorrect Default PermissionsDuring installation, installed file permissions are set to allow anyone to modify those files.
AuthZThe software does not perform an authorization check when an actor attempts to access a resource or perform an action.
Java Application Servers
Web Application Framework
Report Last Updated: August 4, 2021